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Thomas Sidney Cooper (1803-1902)
was born in Canterbury, Kent. As a small child Cooper began to show strong artistic inclinations, but the circumstances of his family did not allow him to receive any systematic training. By the time he was twelve years old, he was working in the shop of a coach painter. However, he still felt a desire to become an artist, and all his spare moments were spent drawing and painting from nature. At the age of twenty he went to London, drew for a while in the British Museum, and was admitted as a student of the Royal Academy.
He then returned to Canterbury, where he was able to earn a living as a drawing-master and by the sale of sketches and drawings. In 1827 he settled in Brussels where he met Eugène Joseph Verboeckhoven who greatly influenced his style, as did the Dutch School of the 17th century. Because of the Belgian Revolution he returned to London, and by showing his first picture at the Royal Academy in 1833 which began an unprecedentedly prolonged career as an exhibitor.
He is mainly associated with pictures of cattle or sheep, a fact that earned him the epithet ‘Cow Cooper’. Cooper collaborated between 1847 and 1870 with Frederick Richard Lee R.A. on several paintings, Lee undertaking the landscapes, and Cooper adding animals to complete the scene.
In 1845 he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy and Royal Academician on 22nd June 1867. Cooper was the oldest member of the Royal Academy of Arts at the time of the accession of King Edward VII in 1901. In that same year, Cooper was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.
He was a great philanthropist in Canterbury and used some of his wealth to build a number of Alms Houses for the poor in Chantry Lane in the centre of the city. Most notably in 1882 he developed his private art lessons into a full-fledged art school in Canterbury, located at his home and studio in St Peter’s Street. Originally called the Canterbury Sidney Cooper School of Art, Cooper’s art school is still in existence although it is now called the University of Creative Arts.
The largest public collection of Cooper paintings is owned by Canterbury City Council and housed at the Royal Museum and Art Gallery (Beaney Institute) in Canterbury. Examples are also held by the Tate Gallery, London, and the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and other public collections in Britain and across the world.
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